The Legend of St Valentine

my-valentine-card

Inspiration: http://www.history.com/topics/valentines-day

Valentine’s day, we all know that February has been celebrated as the romance month, and exchanging cards and presents to our love ones but do we all know where it was originated. Unless you’re a quizzer or a historian I reckon hardly anyone knows where it is originated. I always believe it came from ancient Rome or the Greeks history that young women put their names in a separate pots and were drawn out, (this is probably where drawn out of the hat may come from) by men.

After reading the topic I discovered I was partly right. But there were other stories.

The Catholic Church stories.

The Catholic Church has three different saints with the same name Valentine or Valentinus, all were martyred.

One story says a priest in the third century served the Roman Empire named valentine. The Emperor Claudius II decides young single men made better soldiers than those with families. So he outlaws marriage for young men. Valentine defied Claudius and continued his marriage performs for young lovers in secret. Claudius discovered Valentine’s action and ordered his death.

Another story suggested that Valentine may be been killed for aiding Christians to escape harsh Roman prisons, where they have been beaten and tortured.

One legend said that an imprison Valentine actually sent the first message to a young girl after he fell in love. Before his death he meant to wrote her a letter signed “from your Valentine,” an expression that was used today.

The truth behind the Valentine stories remained murky however it did appeal Valentine was a heroic romantic figure. By the middle ages and its reputation, it became the most popular saints in both England and France.

A Pagan Festival story

The pagan festival called Lupercalia celebrated on the 15th of February. It was a fertility festival dedicated to the roman god of agriculture Faunus, as well as to Romulus and Remus the founders of Roman.

The festival began with the roman priests of the order Luperci, gathered in a scared cave where Romulus and Remus infants were cared by Lupa. They sacrifice a goat for fertility and a dog for purification. They stripped the goats hide, cut it into strips, dipped them in the sacrificial blood and taken them to the streets. They gently slap the women and the crop fields with the hide. The women welcomed it as they believed to make more fertile for the coming year. During the day all young women in the city place their names in a big urn. The bachelors choose a name and become a pair for the year with the chosen woman. These matches often ended in marriage.

Lupercalia was outlawed by pope Gelasius and declared 14th of February St Valentine’s day.

Did you know?

Valentine’s Day is the second largest card sending day of the year.

Women purchase approximate 85 percent of all valentines.

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